Kidney transplant is an operation to place a kidney healthy from a donor into a person whose kidneys no longer function properly. It is classified as deceased-donor and living-donor transplant depending on the source of the donor organ. The new kidney often starts making urine as soon as your blood starts flowing through it. But sometimes it takes a few weeks to start working.
Kidney transplant is the preferred method of therapy to dialysis for most patients with ESRD.
- It is more cost effective than the long time dialysis.
- It allows a return to a normal lifestyle than maintenance dialysis does.
- Patients have less complications.
- Patients have less restrictions on diets.
- In order to lower your immune system, anti-rejection medicine has to take in the rest of your life when you transplant a new kidney into your body. Once your immune system is low, you are easy to suffer from various illness, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and so on.
- A matching kidney is difficult to find, especially now more and more people get kidney disease. The kidney source is scarce, so it may take several years to wait for kidney transplant.
- Blood clots
- Failure of the donated kidney
- Rejection of the donated kidney
Not everyone is suitable for kidney transplant.
- When you get serious internal medicine disease and your physical condition is too weak to tolerate anesthesia and operation, such as serious heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hepatocirrhosis and so on, kidney transplant is not allowed.
- When you get severe infection, phthisis, peptic ulcer or malignancy, kidney transplant is not allowed, because immune inhibitors and steroids will aggravate your illness.
- When your kidney disease is caused by systemic diseases, such as amyloidosis, periarteritis nodosa and diffuse vasculitis, kidney transplant is not allowed, because it is easy to infect your new kidney.
- If you do not have good treatment compliance, kidney transplant is not suggested.
- If you can not bear the financial burden, kidney transplant is also not suggested.
According to the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, more than 90% of people who receive a kidney transplant live for at least one year after their transplant surgery. More then 80% live for at least five years.