Renal Failure is caused by various factors, such as severe trauma, drug poisoning and so on. How should patients with renal failure control their diet? Following this article to get answer, or you can consult ONLINE DOCTOR directly in free.
1. Primary patients
There are many types of primary glomerulonephritis, among which chronic glomerulonephritis is the most common cause of chronic renal failure. The exact cause of chronic glomerulonephritis (chronic glomerulonephritis) is still unknown. The onset of chronic glomerulonephritis is insidious, the course of the disease is long, and the clinical manifestations are diversified. Proteinuria, hematuria, hypertension, edema and other symptoms may occur, and the renal function may be reduced to varying degrees. The severity of the disease gradually develops into chronic renal failure.
2. Hypertensive patients
Similarly, the incidence of hypertension has been rising rapidly since the 1980s. With the increase of age, the incidence of hypertension is higher, which is a common disease in the elderly. It is well known that hypertension can cause cerebrovascular diseases, etc. In fact, sustained elevated blood pressure will increase the burden of kidney, cause kidney damage, early nocturia increased, followed by proteinuria, progressive damage to renal function, increased serum creatinine, and finally into renal failure. Therefore, while closely monitoring blood pressure, we should regularly conduct urine routine and renal function tests, early detection of kidney damage, and early treatment.
3. Patients with obstructive nephropathy
The kidney damage caused by urinary tract obstruction and urinary excretion disorder is called obstructive nephropathy. The common causes are urinary calculi and hypertrophy in middle-aged and elderly people. The persistence of urinary tract obstruction will lead to irreversible renal function damage and renal parenchymal damage, and eventually lead to renal failure.
4. Patients with diabetes and nephropathy
Among the many complications of diabetes mellitus, kidney damage is the most easily ignored by doctors and patients. It is one of the main complications of diabetes mellitus, especially in patients with diabetes mellitus for more than 5 years. The incidence of diabetes mellitus is higher. It manifests as enlarged kidney volume, increased glomerular filtration function, increased microalbuminuria from urine to massive albuminuria, increased serum creatinine, decreased renal function and so on, and finally to end-stage renal failure. Most patients do not visit the nephrology department until abnormal urine examination, edema or markedly elevated serum creatinine occurs, which has delayed the best time for treatment, and the effect of drug treatment is often unsatisfactory. Therefore, it is very important to treat early diabetic nephropathy actively, control blood sugar, reduce proteinuria, lower blood pressure, protect renal function and delay the deterioration of renal function.
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